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A city and port in the Rijeka Bay, on the northern coast of the Kvarner Gulf, cutting deep into the mainland; population 167,964. An average temperature in January reaches 5 °C, and in July 22.8 °C. The annual rainfall is 1,600 mm; 2,120 hours of sunshine a year. Good connections with the hinterland, modern port facilities and strong naval and commercial tradition helped Rijeka to develop into Croatia's biggest port. It also represents an important European transit port.

The town Rijeka saw a more intense development in the 18th century, increased by the construction of the Louise Road (1810, to Karlovac), the port and, particularly, the railroads to Budapest and Vienna. Between the two World Wars, as Rijeka was cut off from the immediate hinterland, the port of Rijeka lost its original importance, but its eastern part, the port of Susak, started to develop. After 1945 Rijeka restored its position as a large centre of commerce and maritime affairs (seating several shipping companies), with developed industry (shipyard, oil refinery, diesel engines, ship cranes, ship equipment, paper, etc.). Rijeka is also a lively cultural and artistic centre, with a number of cultural and educational institutions and schools (several faculties). In Rijeka proper as well as in its surroundings, manufacturing industries, traffic and various services are concentrated, while tourism, farming, forestry and fishing represent chief occupations in its wider area. The main crossroads of the Adriatic tourist traffic, which flows from central Europe to the central and southern Adriatic. It is also an important road traffic intersection, with roads connecting the city with the hinterland through Gorski Kotar, where the Dinaric barrier is only between 40 and 50 km wide. From Rijeka, roads lead to the north, the border with the Republic of Slovenia, towards Istria, and to the south. Important railway junction. The airport "Rijeka" is located near Omisalj on the island of Krk.

The geographical position of Rijeka is crucial for its tourist image. This is where a visitor in transit meets the sea for the first time, regardless of whether coming by road or rail. The access to Rijeka is extremely attractive - both from the west and from the east - and the access from the sea offers the most charming view on Rijeka. The natural and cultural features of Rijeka, the Mediterranean climate, and the closer and broader surroundings of the mountainous landscape of the Primorsko-Goranska County add to the value of the city. The area around Rijeka represents the most developed tourist region in Croatia, with a tradition dating back to the 19th century; more than a half of the foreign tourists visiting Croatia stay in Rijeka. The importance of industry in Rijeka does not allow the city to develop into a holiday centre. However, by being the second largest city in Croatia and an important business centre, Rijeka has developed into a strong centre of business tourism. It hosts important business events, such as: the Spring Fair (in April), Nautica, Automobile Fair (in May), the North Adriatic Fair (in October) and the Christmas Fair, so that, apart from business tourism, congress tourism increasingly gains on importance. Trsat, the centre of Marianism in this part of Croatia (10th of May, the Day of Our Lady of Trsat - and the Seafarer's Day, the Assumption on the 15thof August, and the Nativity of the Virgin Mary on the 8th of August) make Rijeka the centre of religious tourism as well. Almost grown into one with Opatija - the oldest and the most renowned tourist centre in Croatia.

Apart from quality accommodation facilities, shops, theatres and other entertainment, visitors can attend important cultural events: the Biennial of Young Artists - international exhibition of young artists - painters, sculptors, alternative artists (1st of July - 30th of September), the Rijeka Summer, concerts and theatrical performances in the Old Town, on Trsat, in the cathedral of St. Vitus (in June and July), the Melodies of Istria and Kvarner (end of June), the Assumption - Trsat (15thof August), the Days of Zajc (in November), the Day of St. Vitus, the patron saint of Rijeka (15thof June), the Rijeka Carnival, the biggest carnival event in Croatia (in February), etc.

Opatija, this elegant tourist destination, lies at the centre of the Riviera with the longest tradition of tourism in Croatia. The very attractive geographic position, enabling its warm seas to be quickly reached from many cities in Central Europe (only about 500 km from Milan, Vienna and Münich), lush green scenery and a pleasant climate (45° 20’ north latitude) were some of the main reasons for its beginning and the quick development of its tourism at the end of the 19th century.
Built mainly at the turn of the 20th century, Opatija has remained in complete harmony with Nature right up until the present day. Well-maintained public gardens, the illuminated 12-km-long coastal promenade known as the "Lungomare", well-kept beaches and fountains provide a stunning backdrop for the villas and hotels that cater comfortably for up to 6,000 guests.

One thing that is really interesting to discover is island Krk with its beauty and nice sceneries and with magnificent sunsets.

Due to a relatively constant temperature (winter average 7.0 °C, summer average 21.9 °C), high air pressure and constant circulation of air, the climate in Opatija is relaxing and refreshing. The contrasts of sea and mountains, green parks and blue ocean, old buildings and modern comforts, noisy entertainment venues and quiet destinations for excursions all combine to make Opatija and its surroundings a very attractive tourist resort at any time of the year.
The tourist offering of Opatija includes its congress centre (with space for 500 to 800 delegates), 11 indoor swimming pools, wellness programmes, a casino, discotheques, a summer theatre with seating for 2,000, carnivals, festivals, and opportunities for shorter trips to nearby surroundings or all-day excursions to the Plitvice Lakes or Risnjak National Park, or even to Venice in Italy.

The characteristics of the climate have all the traits of a gentle Mediterranean climate with a warm sea, lots of sun and lush vegetation which paints a picture of Opatija as a kind of green oasis. Summer temperatures are relatively low beceause of the cool breezes to come from the Ucka mountains while in winter, the temperature is relatively high.
Opatija is also a place for business meetings throughout the entire year as well as a center for convention tourism, scientific gatherings and congresses. In addition, for those ailing from cardio-vascular illnesses, there is therapy and rehabilitation available in Thalassotherapija.
The Pearl of Kvarner-Opatija is an ideal starting point for an inspired walk through the past of this region, as well as for taking pleasure in the intimacy of the still untouched present.
160 years of tourism

Tourism first began in Opatija in 1844 when the leading citizen of Rijeka, a merchant called Higin Scarpa, built the Villa "Angiolina", and named it after his deceased wife. The Villa was soon being visited by many of the merchant’s family friends and business partners, and a number of other distinguished people came to stay there as well. Most notably, the Croatian Governor Josip Jelacic spent his holidays here with his wife in 1850, and the wife of Emperor Ferdinand I, Empress Mother Mary Ann, spent the entire bathing season here in 1860.
Opatija, with its sheltered location, mild climate and green landscapes soon attracted the attention of the Vienna Southern Railway Company, which bought the Villa "Angiolina" from Count Chorinsky in 1882.
In 1884, after only ten months of work on the property, the Railway Company opened the "Kvarner", the very first hotel on the eastern coast of the Adriatic. The event marked the beginning of a very dynamic period of building activity in the region.

Climate is a moderate Mediterranean climate with mild winters and pleasant summers. Continuous circulation of air and sea aerosol. The average air temperature in summer is 21.9 oC, and in winter 7 oC. The sea temperature in summer goes up to 26 oC. The area averages 2,000 hours of sunshine a year.

 

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